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FAQ: Pennsylvania Emergency Coronavirus Relief Funds —  Funding Distributed by DHS Pursuant to Act 24 of 2020

Posted: July 22, 2020

In the event of a conflict between this document and state law, federal law, or U.S. Treasury guidance, the state and federal laws and guidance supersede this document. The Department of Human Services recommends entities consult their attorneys and accountants on the appropriate use of and questions about Act 24 Coronavirus Relief Funds (CRF).

What is the purpose of the Act 24 Coronavirus Relief Funds (CRF) and how do we access the funds?

Entities will be notified by the Department of Human Services (DHS) of the amount they will receive as authorized in Act 24. The purpose of this funding is to pay for necessary expenses, lost revenue from COVID-19 business interruption for non-public entities, and COVID-19 related hazard or incentive pay incurred between March 1, 2020, and November 30, 2020, to respond to the COVID-19 public health emergency (PHE).  The covered necessary expenses include the costs of staff/personnel, training, housekeeping supplies, lease or purchase of medical supplies and equipment, personal protective equipment, and COVID-19 testing supplies.

Act 24 CRF must be used in accordance with the U.S. Treasury Guidance. Entities who receive Act 24 CRF are required to certify that the funding will be used in response to the COVID-19 PHE as detailed in DHS’s notification letter, the U.S. Treasury Coronavirus Relief Fund Guidance issued June 30, 2020, as updated (U.S. Treasury Guidance), and the Coronavirus Relief Fund FAQs last updated on July 8, 2020. Any funds that are not used by November 30, 2020, must be returned to the Commonwealth.

When can entities expect to receive their CRF?

The Governor’s Office of the Budget is working with the State Treasury to certify and start issuing funds.  Once this occurs and entities submit any necessary paperwork, funds will be released.  Entities should closely review any communication from DHS that pertains to these payments.

How will COVID-19 funds be tracked?

DHS will release a COVID-19 Cost Reporting Form (Form) to capture costs incurred by entities due to COVID-19.  DHS will use this completed Form to demonstrate compliance with Act 24 CRF requirements. 

    • The reporting period is based on calendar year quarters Jan.-March 2020 (Q1), April-June 2020 (Q2), July-Sept. 2020 (Q3), and Oct.-Dec. 2020 (Q4). This means the costs submitted on the Form must include actual COVID-19 costs incurred during each quarter. Where actual costs are not yet available, the entity may use a projection for a portion or all of the quarter.
    • Forms are only being collected from entities that receive CRF directly from DHS.
    • DHS will communicate to the entity specific due dates for this Form submission.

Generally, what expenses related to cleaning facilities are allowable uses of Act 24 CRF?

Expenses for disinfection of buildings, public areas, and other facilities used for providing services to consumers in response to the COVID‐19 PHE, are allowable expenses. The U.S. Treasury Guidance and the Coronavirus Relief Fund FAQs as updated are good resources for understanding eligible expenses.

Do we have to comply with the federal Uniform Guidance?

Yes.  Act 24 CRF payments are subject to the following requirements in the federal Uniform Guidance (2 C.F.R. Part 200): 2 C.F.R. § 200.303 regarding internal controls, 2 C.F.R. §§ 200.330 through 200.332 regarding subrecipient monitoring and management, and subpart F regarding audit requirements.

Can Act 24 CRF be used to reimburse for expenses already incurred (dating back to 3/1/2020) or only for new expenses going forward?

Act 24 CRF can be used to reimburse COVID-19 costs incurred dating back to March 1, 2020, provided that the expenses meet the other requirements for use of the CRF.  DHS requires entities to follow Generally Accepted Accounting Principles when determining costs incurred during the reporting period.

Per the U.S. Treasury Guidance as updated, these costs must have been incurred on or after March 1, 2020.  For a cost to be considered to have been incurred, performance or delivery must occur during the covered period but payment of funds need not be made during that time (though it is generally expected that this will take place within 90 days of a cost being incurred).

What triggers applicability of the Federal Funding Accountability and Transparency Act (FFATA)?

If entities received 80 percent or more of their annual gross revenues AND $25,000,000 or more in annual gross revenues from U.S. federal contracts, subcontracts, loans, grants, subgrants, and/or cooperative agreements, then the public must have access to information about the compensation of the senior executives of the entity.  Entities may use periodic reports filed under section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (15 U.S.C. §§ 78m(a), 78o(d)) or section 6104 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to meet these FFATA requirements.  If entities do not file such reports, then the entities must advertise the information.

What happens to any interest that is earned on Act 24 CRF that are advanced to the entity?

Interest or other proceeds earned on Act 24 CRF can only be used as provided in the U.S. Treasury Guidance as updated.

What types of costs are allowable?

There are two criteria to assess to determine if a cost is allowed:  (1) the expense was a necessary expenditure incurred due to the COVID-19 PHE between March 1 and November 30, 2020; and, (2) the expense is related to the  COVID‐19 PHE.  If both of these criteria are met, and the expense was not included in the entity’s most recently authorized budget as a usual business expense, it is an allowable CRF expense.  A cost meets this requirement if either: (a) the cost cannot lawfully be funded using a line item, allotment, or allocation within that budget; or, (b) the cost is for a substantially different use from any expected use of funds in such a line item, allotment, or allocation.

Can payroll expenses, which are already budgeted, be funded by Act 24 CRF?

Act 24 CRF can only be used for payroll expenses of staff substantially dedicated to mitigating or responding to the COVID-19 PHE.

Please define allowable payroll expenses.

Allowable payroll expenses include salaries and benefits, hazard pay and overtime costs of an employee whose time is substantially dedicated to mitigating or responding to the COVID-19 PHE.

When can Act 24 CRF be used to cover payroll expenses of employees on leave?

Leave pay is an allowable expense under certain circumstances.  To use Act 24 CRF to pay for leave, the leave must comply with the leave requirements in the Family First Coronavirus Relief Act (FFCRA).  If the FFCRA requirements are met, the leave can be included as a COVID-19 cost regardless of whether it is called bonus leave, emergency leave, etc.  

If an entity cannot demonstrate that the leave was taken for reasons outlined in the FFCRA, then Act 24 CRF cannot be used to pay for leave.

Can Act 24 CRF be used for hazard pay and how should hazard pay be determined?

Hazard or incentive pay paid to employees as a one‐time bonus, a percentage of base pay, or compensatory leave is an allowable COVID-19 cost.  The type of hazard or incentive pay to issue to employees is up to the entity.  General bonuses to all employees not for hazard pay are not a COVID‐19 cost and, thus, are not allowable.  Hazard pay paid to employees is a form of payroll expense; thus, Act 24 CRF payments may only be used to cover hazard pay for individuals that meet the other requirements for CRF payroll expenses.

How are healthcare related expenses attributable to coronavirus defined?

The term "healthcare related expenses attributable to coronavirus" is a broad term that may cover a range of items and services purchased to either prevent, prepare for, or respond to coronavirus, including:

    • Supplies used to provide healthcare services for possible or actual COVID-19 patients;
    • Equipment used to provide healthcare services for possible or actual COVID-19 patients;
    • Workforce training as it relates to COVID-19;
    • Developing and staffing emergency operation centers;
    • Reporting COVID-19 test results to federal, state, or local governments;
    • Building or constructing temporary structures to expand capacity for COVID-19 patient care or to provide healthcare services to non-COVID-19 patients in a separate area from where COVID-19 patients are being treated; 
    • Acquiring additional resources, including facilities, equipment, supplies, healthcare practices, staffing, and technology to expand or preserve care delivery; and
    • Revenue losses for non-public entities that are attributable to coronavirus.  NOTE:  Public entities, such as county nursing facilities, cannot include revenue losses attributable to coronavirus.

Are these dollars considered State funds or federal funds and are there any special accounting requirements?

Act 24 CFR are federal funds and must be accounted for in the same manner as other federal funds.

If an entity encumbers funds, would this be considered spent?

No. The U.S. Treasury considers "incurred" as money being spent, checks issued, payments made, etc. Therefore, fund encumbrances and/or obligations are not considered incurred expenses.

Can we prepay for services or goods that will be provided or received after November 30, 2020?

No. Prepayment for any goods or services is not allowed.

What is the Catalogue of Federal Domestic Assistance (CDFA) number for these federal funds?

The CDFA number assigned to the Fund is 21.019.

Can we use Act 24 CRF to cover a percentage of administration costs to oversee and administer these funds?

Yes, if the administrative expenses represent an increase over previously budgeted amounts and are limited to what is necessary. For example, entities may expend CRF funds on necessary administrative expenses incurred such as hiring an individual to keep track of COVID-19 costs and putting together forms or other paperwork relating to tracking COVID-19 costs, or tracking staff, resident and/or participant positivity for purposes of quarantining individuals and assigning staff.

What documentation must an entity retain for audit purposes?

An entity is responsible for compliance with the provision in 2 C.F.R. Subpart F for audit documentation and financial management.  The entity must retain documentation to allow an auditor to conclude the purchase is needed, proper purchasing methods were followed and there is evidence the services or goods were received.  

Are Act 24 CRF payments considered federal financial assistance for purposes of the Single Audit Act?

For the Act 24 CRF payments to be considered a federal award, there needs to be a subrecipient relationship between the entity and DHS.  The Act 24 CRF payments would not affect the subrecipient vs. contractor determinations under the Uniform Guidance (see 2 CFR Part 200, Section 200.330).  That is, if the entity has a subrecipient relationship with DHS, the Act 24 CRF payments would not change that and the entity would consider the Act 24 CRF payments to be a federal award.  Conversely, if the entity has a contractor relationship with DHS, the Act 24 CRF payments would not be considered a federal award.  

How will the entity know if they are a subrecipient or contractor?

DHS recommends that if the entity is uncertain of their designation as a subrecipient or a contractor by DHS that they contact their Certified Public Accountant (CPA) or other financial representative.  Entities that do not have a CPA or other financial representative or when the designation between a subrecipient or a contractor is not known by the financial representative, the entity can contact DHS, Audit Resolution Section at

May entities deposit Act 24 CRF payments into interest bearing accounts?

Yes. If entities separately invest amounts received from Act 24 CRF, they must use the interest earned or other proceeds of these investments only to cover expenditures incurred in accordance with section 601(d) of the Social Security Act and the U.S. Treasury Guidance as updated on eligible expenses.

Can we use Act 24 CRF to cover the expenses of an audit conducted under the Single Audit Act?

For DHS subrecipients, yes, such expenses would be eligible expenditures, subject to the limitations set forth in 2 C.F.R. § 200.425 (regarding audit services).

Are recipients required to use other federal funds or seek reimbursement under other federal programs before using Act 24 CRF payments to satisfy eligible expenses?

No. Recipients may use Act 24 CRF payments for any COVID-19 costs eligible under section 601(d) of the Social Security Act outlined in the U.S. Treasury Guidance as updated. Act 24 CRF payments are not required to be used as the source of funding of last resort. However, as noted below, recipients may not use CRF payments to cover costs for which they have received reimbursement or where another payor is obligated to reimburse. Examples of other funding sources include payments from the CARES Act Provider Relief Fund, Families First Coronavirus Response Act, Paycheck Protection Program, Federal Communication Commission Telehealth Grant, funding received from the City of Philadelphia to cover COVID-19 related expenses, any future COVID-19 federal relief payments, increased Medicare payments for COVID-19, increased Medicaid FFS and Medicaid Managed Care payments for COVID-19, increased payments from commercial insurers for COVID-19, grants from the state, local government, philanthropic entities to cover COVID-19 related costs, and any funds raised for COVID-19 specific purposes.

Are there prohibitions on combining a transaction supported with CRF payments with other CARES Act funding or COVID-19 relief federal funding?

Entities will need to consider the applicable restrictions and limitations of such other sources of funding.  In addition, costs that have been or will be reimbursed by any other source, such as the reimbursement by the federal government pursuant to the CARES Act of contributions by States to State unemployment funds, are not eligible uses of Act 24 CRF payments.

Is the Act 24 CRF revenue received from DHS taxable?

Per the Internal Revenue Service, yes.  The receipt of a government grant by a business generally is not excluded from the business’s gross income under the Code and therefore is taxable. Please refer to the IRS website Frequently Asked Questions